In a surprise move yesterday, the tiny state of Palau (pop 20,000. GDP £178m), rejected an attempt by Palestine to upgrade to a UN non member state. However the attempt was backed by other members of the United Nations and Palestine is now a UN non member state. This will give it the status of the Vatican in Rome which is sometimes referred to as a 'Holy See' position at the UN.
As a 'state' it is "neither dependent on nor subject to any other power or state" giving it more authority than the UK which is subservient to the EU in the majority of law and legislation.
Palestine will also have a seat at UNESCO. whose motto is 'Building Peace in the minds of men and women'.